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Women & Gender Studies: Citing Sources

MLA

MLA (Modern Language Association)
Generally used in humanities departments including English, literature, and foreign languages.

Note: Citations should be double spaced and the 2nd & following lines indented 5 spaces. Additional format information is provided at the bottom of this page. The 2009 edition of the MLA handbook notes that URLs are no longer required when citing web sources. If you do include a URL, place it after the date of access and enclosed in angle brackets:

Eaves, Morris,Robert Essick, and Joseph Viscomi, eds. The William Blake Archive. Lib. of Congress., 28 Sept. 2007. Web. 20 Nov. 2007. .

MLA in-text parenthetical citations - Duke University Libraries

Frequently asked questions about MLA style from the Modern Language Association

Purdue Online Writing Center - Great source for writing information, including citation help.

Bedford/St. Martins Publishers - Citation styles for online sources.

Turabian

Turabian
Designed for college students to use with all subjects.

Turabian style is more often used for papers requiring a note system. The following citations pertain only to a Works Cited/Reference list for a paper using Turabian style. Please see the print manual for assistance with notes and other formatting variations. All citations should be single spaced, with the 2nd and following lines indented 5 spaces. Additional format information provided at bottom of page.

Purdue Online Writing Center - Great source for writing information, including citation help.

Bedford/St. Martins Publishers - Citation styles for online sources.

APA

APA (American Psychological Association)
Generally used in social sciences departments including psychology, education, and sociology.

The print edition of Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association is available in the library.

APA Style blog - information about hard-to-cite sources and clear explanations of changes in the 6th ed.

Citing Information - UNC Chapel Hill Libraries

Purdue Online Writing Center

Bedford/St. Martins Publishers - Citation styles for online sources.

Chicago

Please refer to the Chicago-Style Citation Quick Guide for examples and information about the two documentation styles utilized in The Chicago Manual of Style.

Notes

  • Arrange the items on your reference list alphabetically by author, interfiling books, articles, etc.
  • Single space each entry and double space between entries, unless your professor indicates that the entire paper should be double spaced.
  • Indent the second and following lines 5 spaces (or one half inch).
  • When a Web address must be divided at the end of a line, break it after a slash. Do not insert a hyphen.
  • If no author is given, start with the title.
  • For a website with no named author, treat the sponsor as the author.
  • For guidelines concerning differences between journals and magazine, consult the library's webpage: Magazines vs journals.
  • The rules concerning a title within a title are not displayed here for purposes of clarity. See the printed version of the manual for details.
  • For documents and situations not listed here, see the printed version of the manual.

Purdue Online Writing Center - Great source for writing information, including citation help.

Bedford/St. Martins Publishers - Citation styles for online sources.

Chicago Manual of Style - Questions and answers from University of Chicago Press.

Citation Tools

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