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History: Citing Sources


Designed for college students to use with all subjects.

Turabian style is more often used for papers requiring a note system. The following citations pertain only to a Works Cited/Reference list for a paper using Turabian style. Please see the print manual for assistance with notes and other formatting variations. All citations should be single spaced, with the 2nd and following lines indented 5 spaces. Additional format information provided at bottom of page.

Purdue Online Writing Center - Great source for writing information, including citation help.


Related Guides


Please refer to the Chicago-Style Citation Quick Guide for examples and information about the two documentation styles utilized in The Chicago Manual of Style.

  • Arrange the items on your reference list alphabetically by author, interfiling books, articles, etc.
  • Single space each entry and double space between entries, unless your professor indicates that the entire paper should be double spaced.
  • Indent the second and following lines 5 spaces (or one half inch).
  • When a Web address must be divided at the end of a line, break it after a slash. Do not insert a hyphen.
  • If no author is given, start with the title.
  • For a website with no named author, treat the sponsor as the author.
  • For guidelines concerning differences between journals and magazine, consult the library's webpage: Magazines vs journals.
  • The rules concerning a title within a title are not displayed here for purposes of clarity. See the printed version of the manual for details.
  • For documents and situations not listed here, see the printed version of the manual.

Purdue Online Writing Center - Great source for writing information, including citation help.

Chicago Manual of Style - Questions and answers from University of Chicago Press.