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APA: D. Journal Article with 3-5 Authors

Helpful Tips:

If a journal article has a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) listed, you will always include this identifier in your reference.  You will not have to include the URL of the journal's home page or of the database from which you retrieved the article if a DOI is available.

If you viewed a journal article in an online database and it does not have a DOI, you will need to do a quick search outside of the database to locate the URL for the journal's home page (pp. 191-192).  This information must be included in the reference.  If the journal is no longer being published and it does not have a home page, then include the URL for the home page of the database from which you retrieved the article (p. 192).

If you viewed a journal article in its print format, be sure to check if it has a DOI listed.  If it does not, your reference to the article would end after you provide the page range of the article.

Journal Article with Three to Five Authors (p. 198)

General Format
      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 
      (Author Surname, Author Surname, & Author Surname, Year)
NOTE: Although the first in-text citation for a work with three to five
authors/editors includes all of the names of the authors/editors,
subsequent citations include only the first author's/editor's surname,
followed by et al. and the year.
      In-Text Citation (Quotation):
      (Author Surname, Author Surname, & Author Surname, Year, page number)
       Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial., Author Surname, First Initial.
            Second Initial., & Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Article title:
            Subtitle. Journal Title, Volume(issue), page range. doi:xx.xxxxxxxxxx OR
            Retrieved from URL of journal home page [if available].  
Example 1
      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 
      (Westhues, Lafrance, & Schmidt, 2001)
NOTE: A subsequent citation would appear as (Westhues et al., 2001)
      In-Text Citation (Quotation):
      (Westhues, Lafrance, & Schmidt, 2001, p. 40)
      Westhues, A., Lafrance, J., & Schmidt, G. (2001). A SWOT analysis of social work
            education in Canada. Social Work Education, 20(1), 35-56.
Example 2
      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 
      (Brinkworth, Noakes, Buckley, Keogh, & Clifton, 2009)
NOTE: A subsequent citation would appear as (Brinkworth et al., 2009)
      In-Text Citation (Quotation):
      (Brinkworth, Noakes, Buckley, Keogh, & Clifton, 2009, p. 27)
      Brinkworth, G. D., Noakes, M., Buckley, J. D., Keogh, J. B., & Clifton, P. M. (2009).
            Long-term effects of a very-low-carbohydrate weight loss diet compared with an
            isocaloric low-fat diet after 12 mo. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 90(1),
            23-32. doi:10.3945/ajcn.2008.27326

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