Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
About Citing Audiovisual Media
For each type of source in this guide, both the general form and an example will be provided.
The following format will be used:
In-Text Citation (Paraphrase) - entry that appears in the body of your paper when you express the ideas of a researcher or author using your own words. For more tips on paraphrasing check out The Owl at Purdue.
In-Text Citation (Quotation) - entry that appears in the body of your paper after a direct quote.
References - entry that appears at the end of your paper.
Information on citing and several of the examples were drawn from the APA Manual (6th ed.).
Numbers in parentheses refer to specific pages in the manual.
Sound Recording (p. 209-210)
(Writer Surname, Year, track number)
Writer Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (copyright year). Title of song [Recoded
by First Initial. Second Initial. Artist Surname if different from writer]. On Title of
album [medium of recoding: CD, record, cassette, etc.]. Location: Label. (date
of recording if different from song copyright date).
(Thomas, 1996, track 2)
Thomas, G. (1996). Breath. On Didgeridoo: Ancient sound of the future [CD]. Oxnard,
CA: Aquarius International Music.
Adapted from Hacker/Sommers, The Bedford Handbook, 8th ed.