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APA: D. Sound Recording

About Citing Audiovisual Media

For each type of source in this guide, both the general form and an example will be provided.

The following format will be used:

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase) - entry that appears in the body of your paper when you express the ideas of a researcher or author using your own words.  For more tips on paraphrasing check out The Owl at Purdue.

In-Text Citation (Quotation) - entry that appears in the body of your paper after a direct quote.

References - entry that appears at the end of your paper.

Information on citing and several of the examples were drawn from the APA Manual (6th ed.). 

Numbers in parentheses refer to specific pages in the manual.

Sound Recording (p. 209-210)

General Format 
      In-Text Citation:
      (Writer Surname, Year, track number)
      Writer Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (copyright year). Title of song [Recoded
            by First Initial. Second Initial. Artist Surname if different from writer]. On Title of
            album [medium of recoding: CD, record, cassette, etc.]. Location: Label. (date
            of recording if different from song copyright date).
       In-Text Citation: 
      (Thomas, 1996, track 2)
      Thomas, G. (1996). Breath. On Didgeridoo: Ancient sound of the future [CD]. Oxnard,
            CA: Aquarius International Music.

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