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APA: E. Journal Article with 6 or more Authors

Helpful Tips:

If a journal article has a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) listed, you will always include this identifier in your reference.  You will not have to include the URL of the journal's home page or of the database from which you retrieved the article if a DOI is available.

If you viewed a journal article in an online database and it does not have a DOI, you will need to do a quick search outside of the database to locate the URL for the journal's home page (pp. 191-192).  This information must be included in the reference.  If the journal is no longer being published and it does not have a home page, then include the URL for the home page of the database from which you retrieved the article (p. 192).

If you viewed a journal article in its print format, be sure to check if it has a DOI listed.  If it does not, your reference to the article would end after you provide the page range of the article.

Journal Article with Six or More Authors (p. 198)

 General Format 

      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 
      (Author Surname et al., Year)
      In-Text Citation (Quotation):
      (Author Surname et al., Year, page number)
      Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial., Author Surname, First Initial. Second
            Initial., Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial., Author Surname, First Initial.
            Second Initial., Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial., & Author Surname,
            First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Article title: Subtitle. Journal Title, Volume(issue),
            page range. doi:xx.xxxxxxxxxx [if available] OR Retrieved from URL of journal
            home page [if available].
NOTE: If an article has more than seven authors, list the names of
the first six authors followed by ... and then the last author's name in the
reference entry (p. 198).
      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 
      (Dietz et al., 2007)
      In-Text Citation (Quotation):
      (Dietz et al., 2007, p. 1517)
      Dietz, P. M., Williams, S. B., Callaghan, W. M., Bachman, D. J., Whitlock, E. P., &
            Hornbrook, M. C. (2007). Clinically identified maternal depression before,
            during, and after pregnancies ending in live births. American Journal of Psychiatry,
            164(10), 1515-1520. Retrieved from

Printable handouts

More information about changes in citing multiple authors.